Mark van Duijn and Jan Rouwendal
Cultural heritage and the location choice of Dutch households in a residential sorting model
Journal of Economic Geography (2013) 13 (3): 473-500 first published online September 9, 2012 doi:10.1093/jeg/lbs028
Recent research has stressed the role of consumer amenities for urban development. In this article, we investigate the impact of cultural heritage on the attractiveness of cities by analyzing the location choice of households. We develop and estimate a residential sorting model that allows us to compute the marginal willingness to pay for cultural heritage as well as other urban amenities. Since the attractiveness of residential locations may be affected by amenities of other nearby locations as well, we extend the model to incorporate these effects, using spatial econometric techniques. Our model accounts for unobserved amenities, heterogeneity of preferences among households and spatial correlation between observed and unobserved amenities. The results confirm that cultural heritage has a substantial impact on the attractiveness of cities.
Working Paper no. 15 (2013) Protected areas: origins, criticisms and contemporary issues for outdoor recreation
Jenny Smith (20pp; ISBN 979-904839-65-1)
Birmingham City University – Centre for Environment & Society Research
This paper presents a wide-ranging literature review on the interplay between protected areas and outdoor recreation. Following a brief explanation of the origins of protected areas and the escalation of their designation around the globe, it highlights a range of criticisms relating to the process of protected area designation and how this has impacted upon their
overall effectiveness in conserving our most valuable habitats, species and landscapes. Whilst there is a particular focus on the British context, international examples are used to allow critical reflections on the global nature and status of protected areas as a means of conservation management in contemporary society. It is noted that whilst many authors offer valid, criticisms of protected area policy, few deny their importance as a means of protecting our most valuable habitats and landscapes. In contemporary society the growth in outdoor recreation, especially of ‘adventure activities’ such as mountain biking, has placed
additional pressure on designated areas and brought the management of such areas into question.
Torill Nyseth, Johanne Sognnæs
Preservation of old towns in Norway: Heritage discourses, community processes and the new cultural economy
Cities, Volume 31, April 2013, Pages 69–75
Historic towns are preserved and given new importance within the new cultural economy. This paper examines the conditions under which built heritage is being preserved in urban regeneration programmes in a Norwegian context. An interesting finding from this study of three towns, Stavanger, Mosjøen and Risør, is that the conservation plan itself was not the most important factor. Part of the answer to the relative success of the conservation of these areas constituted preservation plans combined with management tools adopted locally and practised with flexibility to allow for the changes necessary to modern living. Even more important were the collaborative forms of governance developed over time that managed to anchor the goals and norms of preservation in the population.
The Heritage Lottery Fund (HLF) has requested that Oxford Economics update their 2010 report on the economic impact of the UK heritage tourism industry using the latest available data. This study quantified the scale of economic activity associated with heritage-based tourism in the UK.
A key objective is to develop an indication of the scale of the gross economic impact of heritage tourism in the UK in terms of visit numbers, visit spend, employment and GDP. Then, comparisons are made with other sectors of the UK economy.
Released July 2013.
Press release: http://www.hlf.org.uk/news/Pages/HeritageTourism2013.aspx#.UfdPU0hwbIU
The economic contribution of culture
The Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) has released a discussion paper about measuring the economic contribution of cultural and creative activity in Australia.
In Australia and internationally, there is strong public interest in the role of these activities in the economy, as highlighted recently by Australia’s National Cultural Policy Creative Australia.
Statistics have been published for these activities in other countries such as Canada, Finland, the United Kingdom and Spain.
The ABS’ discussion paper explains how cultural and creative activity could be measured in Australia and invites comment on the proposed approach, data and investment priorities
The proposals in the discussion paper were prepared in consultation with key government organisations and academics.
The ABS is seeking comments on the proposals by 30 August 2013.
Further information can be found in Discussion Paper: Cultural and Creative Activity Satellite Accounts (cat. no. 5271.0.55.001), available for free download from the ABS website http://www.abs.gov.au
Direct link to report: http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/DetailsPage/5271.0.55.0012013?OpenDocument
From November 27 to December 2, 2011, nearly 1,200 professionals and experts active in the field of heritage gathered at the UNESCO headquarters in Paris for the Tri-Annual General Assembly of the International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS). Simultaneously, the international symposium, “Heritage, a Driver of Development” was held at the same venue.
In addition to the 150 contributions selected for presentation at the Symposium, almost 270 contributors from around the world delivered analyses, proposals, points of debate, questions and original suggestions on four major themes: Heritage and Regional Development; Development and a Return to the Art of Building; Tourism and Development; and Development and the Economy.
The French Committee of the International Council on Monuments and Sites wanted to acknowledge the many outstanding ideas and debates characterising the Symposium, initially by providing not only a digital version of all the papers, reports and speeches delivered there (available on a CD-Rom included in this publication), but also an overview of the research presented, summarising its main points, conclusions and proposals. In this context, the importance of the “Declaration of Paris on Heritage as a Driver of Development”, a doctrinal text for ICOMOS designed to provide a series of guidelines for heritage practices in a context of international development, is fully revealed.
To order the book online, visit http://heritagedevelopment.wordpress.com/
Dr Claire Donovan has been blogging and carrying out research for DCMS, exploring whether and how the value of culture can be measured. Her report, A holistic approach to valuing our culture, concludes that relying on economic indicators alone is unrealistic in practice – but that by combining economic and non-economic material, useful evidence can be gathered. She argues too that DCMS can draw from the AHRC’s recently announced Cultural Value project to set up benchmarks from which it could built a toolkit for the sector.
Her work combined online dialogue with the sector and desk research. She says “the strength of the blog discussion was that the cultural sector saw no contradiction in valuing our culture using an array of monetary or narrative approaches, and with capturing the unique value that the cultural sector creates”.